Should You Play Go? A Review 2500 Years Later

Should You Play Go? A Review 2500 Years Later

It might seem offensive that I could attempt to review a game with as much history and depth as Go. Perhaps it means that my ego is overinflated if I expect the weight of my word to mean something when talking about such a classic. Of course it’s a great game. History proves it’s a great game. Its culture and community proves it’s a great game. Yet here I am, shamelessly reviewing it.

But reviews are secretly not about whether a game is good or not. All games have an audience. Board game reviewers can harp on Monopoly all they want, yet more people find joy in that game than in most hobby games combined. At the end of the day, your experience playing is all that counts. And to that end, reviews are more about matching experiences to the players who will like them.

So what kind of experience is Go?

First, let’s start with the rules.

No one can say Go isn’t an elegant game. The rules take all of a minute to explain.

No one can say Go isn’t an elegant game. The rules take all of a minute to explain. Players take turns putting down a piece of their color, called a stone, one at a time on the intersections of a 19 by 19 grid. The stones, once placed, never move.

Stones that are fully surrounded are captured and removed from the board. And at the end of the game, you score points for every spot on the board that your stones surround and for each captured stone. Minus some specifics of capturing, a single rule about where you can’t place stones, and a single rules exception (the dreaded ko), that is all there is to the game.

Go game by confused amateurs
A beginner game, where Black was surprised to learn she only had 3-4 points to White’s 43.5 points.

But somehow, cross to any easy logic, the simplicity does not make this game simple to actually start playing. Beginners won’t even know how to score their games. They won’t notice their illegal moves. They won’t always notice when their stones are captured. They won’t even know where to begin with how to prioritize the most valuable spaces on the board, or even the kinds of moves that take territory.

All in all, Go is complex enough that the game is taught in stages. First, a capturing game, where the goal is to be the first player to capture an opponent’s stone. Next, you play on a 9×9 board, as opposed to the full game which is played on 19×19. Then you may level up to one final intermediary step, the 13×13, or go straight into the full 19×19.

This experience can be fun, or miserable, depending on who is walking you through it. But know that capturing games are inherently flawed: once you get good at them, it starts to get tedious. But that’s the whole point of the exercise. You must struggle until it clicks, and you learn what you must learn from them. Until then, it may feel like bashing your head against a wall, or it might be some of the most fun you have with the game.

There is a saying in Go that sets the tone for the game as you begin: lose your first 100 games quickly. If you find that statement too discouraging, then Go probably isn’t going to click with you.


The way most gamers play games today is the opposite of how abstract strategy games have always been played. In Edo period Japan, gamers would dedicate their life to a single game, in hopes to join a shogunate sponsored school. These types of game schools exist to this day for the very same games, all around the world, to foster their professional scenes. Today, most gaming is unfocused by design: you play hundreds of games, some only once, others only a handful more times.

It makes sense that our priorities have changed in what we want from our games. In modern gaming, games have to be simple enough that you understand it in a game or two, but ideally you understand it after only a few turns. Most games getting published today will struggle to surprise you after ten plays, and that’s not a value judgement, it’s simply an analysis of their priorities.

But when you dedicate your entire life to a single game the opposite must be true: it must have secrets or it will grow boring. Even a game with a high skill ceiling that is unsurprising would become stale over time. But if a game can surprise you ten years later, there is something remarkable going on. Yet, Go isn’t just a game with enough secrets for ten years, or even a lifetime: it is a game with enough secrets that humans, 2500 years later, are still learning new and exciting things about the game continually.

For example, in Go, there is an idea called sente. It is the idea of being the initiator, of playing the moves that your opponent must respond to. While it has always been an important concept in Go, these days, professionals are willing to trade anything, including weak and undefended groups of stones, in order to keep it. This discovery is only a few years old, yet the way many people play has been completely upended by it.

Chess is a game that often feels limiting to me.

Tactics and strategy have a subtle difference, and that difference is anything but subtle in practice for these sorts of games. Tactics are the move-by-move plans, while strategy is the overall plan. Playing defensively is a strategy, moving a piece to the back row to keep your back rank defended from their rook is a tactic.

Abstract strategies are universally marked by having lots to chew on tactically. But I find the strategic viewpoint to be far more telling about a game.

In chess, there is very little variation in strategy: you must always fight to control the center, you must always play aggressively. If you fail to do any of these things over the course of a game, you will most likely lose. The strategy is a nearly a prescriptive set, with only minor variations between how you let it play out. Even when players do talk about other strategies, they are almost always talking about memorized opening sequences, and not their own moves.

Go, on the other hand, has what feels like an unlimited number of strategy options. You can play peacefully all game, or start a fight on your first turn that lasts all game. You can fight for the edges, or build territory in the center of the board by building long lines of stones around your opponents territory (a concept called influence or thickness). You can attack stones in order to kill them or in order to simply improve your own position. You can play a fast and loose game, leaving both players with more a complicated situation than they know how to deal with. Or you can play the most simple defensive responses only, forcing your opponent into a peaceful game. Honestly, the scope of the strategies in Go is staggering. Partly because of how strategically limited others games seem in comparison, and partly because every strategy actually works: from amateur level, to professional level, almost anything has merit to it.

But it’s not just how many strategies there are, it’s how creative they feel. It can feel like you’re an artist painting with stones when you execute an exceptionally beautiful plan that your opponent never saw coming. Sometimes, you’ll feel like a mastermind pulling off a heist that you had no business getting away with. Sometimes, you’ll do something that seems dumb, and you’ll shock even yourself with how permissive this game’s strategy is.

If chess is a battle, Go is the entire war.


The single most important mental exercise you’ll do during a game of Go is called reading ahead. That is the process of looking at the board, considering a move, imagining what your opponent’s response might be, how you might respond to that hypothetical response and so on. This is also primarily what you do in a game of chess, but there is actually a huge difference. While chess’s reading seems almost designed to make you feel dumb, giving you more than you can handle after imaging just a few moves, reading in Go could not be simpler. Even strong amateurs can read 50+ moves ahead in a game. That sounds ludicrous, but once you learn the shapes stones commonly make, it’s simply a matter of keeping those very simple patterns in your head. Even brand new players will find situations where they can imagine what the board might look like 20 moves ahead (for example, one of the first thing new players learn is how to identify a ladder).

And my point isn’t to brag about how big the numbers are in Go, just to say that the core thing that these games asks players to do is more enjoyable in Go. I find the whole process frustrating in chess, and people will tell you “that’s just part of the challenge.” And they’re not wrong, but it does feel like those players are missing the point of what a game actually is. Ultimately, I find what Go asks players to do to be much more enjoyable.

The game relies on far too much intuition for a player to rely solely on their ability to read. A common question you’ll ask yourself is “what is the most important point on the board? Which point scores me the most points?” And while on the surface, that sounds like a question that will be answered with a lot of counting, it usually isn’t. It’s almost pure intuition.

Everything about the game relies so heavily on intuition. For example, a single stone can completely change the nature of a fight maybe 14 spaces away from it. There is an interconnectedness between every stone on the board that no one will be able to explain to you coherently, but you’ll eventually learn to see it (perhaps some aspect of it at least). And that revelation will make the whole process of getting there worthwhile.

There are games that ask very little of its players, and give very little back in return. Go is not that game. Go asks for a lot, maybe it asks for more than any other game ever has, but it rewards you with a lot too.


The game becomes something zen, something that speaks to life in a beautiful & pedagogical way.

Something about this game makes its strategy advice sound like strangely zen life advice. For some people, this may be annoying. But for others, the game becomes something zen, something that speaks to life in a beautiful and pedagogical way. Go is a life style game, but it’s not just a game. It’s literally a framework to live your life by, sometimes more similar to religion than a board game. Even when playing it, it can feel more like you’re a monk assembling a mandala, than a game about war.

You could show me 100 Japanese proverbs mixed with Go proverbs, and I couldn’t pick out which ones are Go proverbs.

Guess which of these are Japanese proverbs about life and which are about Go:

  • If you do not enter the tiger’s cave, you will not catch its cub.
  • The enemy’s key point is yours too.
  • There is luck in the last helping.
  • One who chases after two hares won’t catch even one.
  • Distant water won’t help to put out a fire close at hand.
  • Make a fist before striking.
Answers
  • Life Proverb: If you do not enter the tiger’s cave, you will not catch its cub.
  • Go Proverb: The enemy’s key point is yours too.
  • LifeProverb: There is luck in the last helping.
  • LifeProverb: One who chases after two hares won’t catch even one.
  • LifeProverb: Distant water won’t help to put out a fire close at hand.
  • Go Proverb: Make a fist before striking.

The answers actually don’t matter, they could all be applied to both.

I’m not saying that you must play this game seeking life wisdom, or that its even normal to do so, but once you get deep enough into the rabbit hole, it almost seems inevitable that the game teaches you something about yourself, or the world. I keep mentioning this game’s secrets, and perhaps this is one of the most surprising ones.


One of the most common complaints about abstract strategies is the memorization. Chess gets a terrible rap for all the memorizing you must do: the best play sequences are not reasoned out, they are memorized, and you are a fool if you think you’ll find something better than what’s already out there. Frankly, memorization is a bad game mechanic. It’d be hard to argue that Go doesn’t ask you to do some memorization too. There are commonly played opening patterns that players have memorized, called joseki, but instructors discourage you from learning them until you become much stronger than a beginner. By the time they matter to your game, you’ll know the game well enough that you might shock yourself with how quickly you pick them up. Some joseki are even thrilling to learn, because the patterns are so surprising, or because they show you how to properly play in a shape similar to one you’ve tried to play before.

All in all, Go games are always novel. Every game feels so different, and has so many possibilities, and that insulates go from most of the memorization that chess players go through. Even joseki are frequently modified or ignored during real games. Joseki aren’t solutions to the opening game, they are a short truce that your opponent may choose to go along with or not.

After calculating their strength gap, players place stones on the board, from A to H, sequentially.

Another common complaint is to lament how the more skilled player always wins. However, that is not true in Go. One of the most cleaver features of Go is its handicap system, where even an amateur can play an even game with a much stronger player. The weaker player simply begins the game with stones already on the board, one stone per difference in rank (for example, a 10 kyu player would get a 9 stone handicap against a 1 kyu player). This way, even big difference in skills can be mitigated in favor of a good game.

Of course, the bigger the gap, the less likely a 9 stone handicap will be enough to make the game even. But players rarely mind playing stronger players. Those are often the games they have the most to learn from. Games with vastly stronger players are called “teaching games,” and even getting trashed in those games can feel like a revelation, especially if you get to talk about the game after.

The arc of the game is always just as thrilling as any modern board game. One moment, your opponent is attacking you, yet you slyly see the opportunity for a counter attack. The next moment, the opponent is running from your counter attack, and you’re attacking the very stones that were your attackers a few turns ago. There is a push and pull of the game that can feel like as big a payoff, if not bigger, than any modern game.


The big question is, how much do you have to give? How much time do you want to spend studying and playing?

There is the perception that these games are simply a tool that smart people use to show off, and while that’s true, it’s obviously not all it is. There is absolutely a joy to find in this game, but perhaps much of it is gated for smart or very dedicated people.

If the halfway endless strategic possibilities of Go is exciting to you, then just know that you won’t find it any where else. If you think you’d love discovering just a tiny fraction of this game’s secrets, then I’d be willing to bet you will.

But before you get too excited about it, there is one big reason why I won’t recommend this game to most people, and its has nothing to do with the game itself. For any lifestyle game to thrive, community is essential. Without people to play against, you are missing out on so much of what makes the game great.

I read my first book about Go when I was maybe ten years old, and ever since, I’ve looking for someone to play this game with me regularly, and yet I never really found precisely what I was looking for. I recently found a few Go clubs to attend (the perks of living in New York City), but I don’t have anyone who I’d call a friend to play with.

Of course, online play is easy and ubiquitous. There are many different servers to play Go on, and some of them don’t even require an account to use. If you think you’d enjoy online play as your primary avenue of playing, then you really have nothing to lose by learning it.

OGS (Online Go Server) is one of the most popular, and easiest to use ways to play Go online. Lots of beginners to play against, and it regularly gets updates and new features. If you’re interested in Go, and you don’t have any local Go clubs, I recommend buying a Go board, playing capturing races with a friend, then playing games on OGS until you start winning them.

If you want to start learning the game, I’ve never seen a better introduction than the following book. It’s the first in a 5 book series. They’re all surprisingly quick reads, and they’re packed full with revelations.

Learn to Play Go: A Master’s Guide to the Ultimate Game (Volume I) by Janice Kim 


I hope you can have as much fun with Go as I have.

  1. Thanks for the well thought out, beginner-friendly review! I have found myself starting to look for a more rules-simplistic, elegant game than International Chess, and my family in my youth played a fair bit of Weiqi/Go around the coffee table.

    Will pick up the Janice Kim book you recommended.

    Just a spelling note for the Chinese tag (which is much appreciated!) – the Chinese spelling of Weiqi does not have a “U” in it. Hopefully this will help with online searches!

  2. Thanks for writing a review on Go, it’s rare to see this being featured in a boardgaming blog. I do feel that you have dismissed the strategic depth of chess a bit too easily. I am a player of both games, and I have the deepest appreciation for Go, even more than chess, but to say that chess is nothing more than a fixed-strategy game with memorized opening patterns does not do justice to the game.

    It’s not true that you always have to fight for the center, and be aggressive to win games. Those are important, but like many things, are just aspects of the overall picture. You can have control of the center, but if you have the worse minor pieces, undeveloped rooks, weak pawn structure, no King safety, then your center is not going to count for nuts. As for aggressive play, there are countless numbers of top players in the past and present that employed a passive style successfully. Ex-World Champions, Karpov and Petrosian excelled in quiet positions and were masters of prophylaxis: they made moves to stop enemy plans before they even thought of it, and then they slowly squeezed your space till you were suffocated and forced to concede a weakness. Current top players like Karjakin and Anish Giri are masters of defending and goading mistakes from opponents before pouncing. Even the current world champion, Magnus Carlsen does not have an aggressive style, he prefers to simplify the position without complications and then he can use his superior decision-making skill and endgame skill to beat his opponents.

    Chess strategy do not only consist of fixed opening patterns that were memorized. In that aspect, it’s similar to Go as well. You can’t memorize a 3-3 invasion joseki and use that without considering the whole board position. Same in chess: you can’t memorize opening patterns and use it without understanding why and when it’s to be used. Even if you play it and somehow get an advantage out of the opening, if you don’t have the skill to convert it to a win during the middlegame and endgame, you are still going to lose.
    Speaking of calculation, I can’t deny it’s a very concrete part of chess (as well as Go) , but it’s not simply calculating to the depths of your insanity to be able to play well. Grandmasters do not calculate 50 moves more than amateurs, they just simply know where to look and do not waste time calculating the wrong 50-move sequence. This is the intuition that you were referring to, it’s just obtained from seeing thousands of patterns that they can recall from their experience. I also believe that’s why it takes longer to reach a decent level in Go, there’s simply more patterns in Go to know than in chess. That also explains why chess and Go masters can beat amateurs seemingly without using time to think or calculate. Intuition like this plays a big part in both games, just like a Go master will tell me that this shape is not good for the upcoming fight, as well as a Chess Grandmaster will tell me that he feels this knight should be posted in a weird square for this position.
    Everything you have said about Go strategy, I agree, and the same can be said about chess too. Fujisawa Hosai had a thick style and influence-oriented style, and Kasparov had a very dynamic style that preferred active pieces to material superiority. If there’s not enough depth in both games, such a wide variety of playstyles would not exist after hundreds of years, as everyone will just use the same one style that’s guaranteed to win.
    Like you said, if there’s no secret to be revealed after years of play, then it’s not good enough. The chess world was shocked recently when AlphaZero showed us that chess can be played in such a radically different way and it still trounced the top players. The same happened for Go when AlphaGo was playing moves that completely befuddled Lee Sedol.

    I get that what you were saying in this article were about the reasons you prefer Go to Chess and I respect that. I just wanted to put this out there to let you or your readers know that chess has its own inner beauty that can be enjoyed alongside Go. Both are excellent games that have survived centuries and millennia for a reason.

  3. Pingback: Free VPS
  4. Link exchange is nothing else however it is just placing
    the other person’s web site link on your page at appropriate place and other person will also
    do same in favor of you.

  5. Pingback: My Site
  6. The factor that sets it more advantageous to patients compared to other impotence treatment is that Tadalista is known to be an effective medication in men even with medical conditions and various health problems priligy dosage local generic cialis in united states fhsggolthdmayonBtjFlellk email protected London

  7. Today, I went to the beach front with my kids. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She put the shell to her ear and
    screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear.

    She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is totally off topic but
    I had to tell someone!

  8. Каждая женщина сама для себя решает, чем удобнее пользоваться – натуральными маслами или специальными активаторами роста ресниц. Кто-то отдает предпочтение народным средствам из-за их дешевизны, кто-то предпочитает проверенные и более эффективные методы. Если вы хотите купить профессиональное средство, выбирайте продукцию с доказанной результативностью. Дарим скидку 31% на наращивание ресниц до 21 июля Эликсир для полоскания рта “Шалфей”, 300 мл, Dr. Hauschka Использовать масло для роста ресниц для того, чтобы получить заметный результат, придется не менее 2-х месяцев. Главные его преимущества состоят в натуральности и безопасности, но только при условии правильного использования. Кроме того, народные средства – доступны: их можно купить в любой аптеке по низкой стоимости. Поддерживаемые форматы: JPG, JPEG, PNG, BMP, GIF. По этим критериям поиска ничего не найдено Используйте данную форму для того, чтобы оставить отзыв о товаре или задать вопрос. https://thetruefountainofyouth.com/community/profile/shanasalo752363/ Здесь можете задать вопросы покупателям, которые приобрели данный товар, или консультантам Pigu.lt. Реклама нефритовых массажеров для лица регулярно встречается на страницах бьюти-блогеров и в каталогах интернет-магазинов. Но есть ли реальная польза от камней и как правильно пользоваться роллером, разберем далее. Выберите страну Нефрит считается полудрагоценным камнем, из которого делают специальный косметический валик с массажным эффектом. Чудодейственный минерал еще использовали древнекитайские красотки. Сегодня роллерные массажеры из этого материала можно купить по Интернету и использовать в домашних условиях. Они сделаны из розового кварца или зеленого нефрита. На ощупь такие камни прохладные и приятные к телу. Регулярное использование поможет улучшить внешний вид и упругость кожи лица. Размеры упаковки: длина x ширина x высота (м), вес (кг) Ice роллер массажер , способствует увлажнению кожи за счет стимуляции выработки коллагена. Уменьшает темные круги под глазами, Повышает упругость кожи, уменьшает мелкие морщины

  9. I’ve been absent for some time, but now I remember why I used to love this website. Thanks , I will try and check back more frequently. How frequently you update your website?

  10. Jeffrey AlvsCdBjSIjDSGXjfb 6 29 2022 lasix pill identifier The purpose of this study was to measure the long term effects of acupuncture two years after a 10 week course of treatment, in women with breast cancer included in a randomized controlled trial

  11. сочи металлург кисловодск база отдыха
    крошка енот гостиница красногорск цены белокуриха адрес орбиталь санкт петербург
    тур в абхазию на рождество адлер отель охотник базы отдыха в белокурихе зимой 2021

  12. отель рица сухум санаторий белые ночи сочи официальный сайт
    гостиница уют в москве ессентуки санаторий сеченова отель морская звезда сочи
    гостиница центральная в брянске машук акватерм иноземцево санатории туапсе цены на 2021 год

  13. parus vsuwt ru пансионат балтика светлогорск официальный сайт
    евпатория санаторий мечта официальный сайт пицунда литфонд официальный сайт байкал бизнес центр отель
    санаторий ай петри официальный сайт цены сполохи кандалакша рувидон свечи цена в беларуси

  14. поселок отрадное калининградская область пансионат южный 2 адлер цены на 2021
    особняк молво санкт петербург официальный сайт санатории кмв с радоновыми ваннами гостиница фантазия красноперекопск
    база отдыха в крыму новый свет крым отдых эмеральд витязево отзывы

  15. отдых в анапе жилье тольятти санаторий надежда
    пансионат черноморец крым официальный сайт букинг крым отели на берегу моря гусь хрустальный гостиница мещера
    отели ол инклюзив в сочи гостиница космос адрес москва гостиница абхазия

  16. прибой ейск официальный сайт цены белокуриха на карте россии как доехать
    дом отдыха псоу абхазия отзывы ундоры санаторий им ленина путевки туту
    сокол сочи официальный сайт гостиница енисей шушенское спа отель вода

  17. Letrezol Actavis works by decreasing the amounts of these hormones in the body cialis coupon Asterisks in B, D, F, H, and L indicate where the most significant differences were observed between control and Lhx6 mice

  18. 1 – 24von32Anzeigen in zwei Design-Varianten rot-blau und blau Sammler-Videospielautomaten aus den 1970er bis 1990er Jahren erfreuen sich bis heute großer Beliebtheit. Im Zuge der Retro-Welle sind die alten Geräte nicht ausschließlich für Sammler interessant. Früher waren diese Geräte zunächst oftmals in Gaststätten vorzufinden. Später gab es die beliebten Spielotheken, in denen man sich an Videospielvarianten aller Art erfreuen konnte. Bei eBay erwarten Sie Sammler-Videospielautomaten und ebenso Sammler-Flipperautomaten und moderne Sammler-Automaten in einer vielseitigen Auswahl. Sammler-Videospielautomaten aus den 1970er bis 1990er Jahren erfreuen sich bis heute großer Beliebtheit. Im Zuge der Retro-Welle sind die alten Geräte nicht ausschließlich für Sammler interessant. Früher waren diese Geräte zunächst oftmals in Gaststätten vorzufinden. Später gab es die beliebten Spielotheken, in denen man sich an Videospielvarianten aller Art erfreuen konnte. Bei eBay erwarten Sie Sammler-Videospielautomaten und ebenso Sammler-Flipperautomaten und moderne Sammler-Automaten in einer vielseitigen Auswahl. https://uprahp.com/community/profile/jacki407295875/ Die FlippArena wird für dieses Wochenende nach Wels verlagert und ihr findet dort 50 Flipper und Arcade Geräte zum Freispiel. BANDAI NAMCO Entertainment veröffentlicht und vertreibt Videospiele und besitzt Lizenzen mit Kultstatus, wie zum Beispiel PAC-MAN, SOULCALIBUR, TEKKEN, DARK SOULS und die „Tales of“-Spielreihe. Adapter für Arcade Videoautomaten 22 Polig TAB Austria System auf 28 Polig Jamma System-Plug & Play-alle Funktionen Jamma blaue Leiste – TAB grüne Leiste VK 35.- plus Versand Handmade! Adapter für Arcade Videoautomaten 22 Polig TAB Austria System auf 28 Polig Jamma System-Plug & Play-alle Funktionen Jamma blaue Leiste – TAB grüne Leiste VK 35.- plus Versand Handmade! Falls ihr irgendwelche Fragen um den Flippern habt oder in der Flipperliga mit Spielen oder auch eine Veranstaltung in der FlippArena organisieren wollt, steht euch der Obmann Stefan Riedler (office@rs-pinball.at 069910878601) jederzeit gerne zur Verfügung.

  19. отель горизонт судак санаторий барнаульский отзывы
    горки 10 лесные дали эко комплекс барвиха санаторий родник алтая официальный сайт
    кизнер санаторий легенда алушта официальный сайт постоялый двор русь серпухов официальный сайт

  20. турпутевки в абхазию цены пансионат спб и лен обл
    ателика крым нальчик санаторий долина нарзанов купить путевки санатории крыма отзывы
    стадионная 3 туапсинский район поселок ольгинка клязьма пансионат

  21. сафари самара санаторий сокол судак мвд россии официальный сайт
    витязево парус туры в туапсе из пензы в декабре отель рублев москва
    реабилитационный центр ялта отель балтия спб гостиница моя самара адрес

  22. центральная гостиница киров фото санаторий талка геленджик
    отель жемчужина ялта крым аурум aurum family resort spa оздоровительный комплекс орбита ольгинка официальный сайт
    небуг адлер расстояние на машине гостиницы сочи у моря цены вятские поляны гостиницы

  23. гостиницы в бодайбо пансионат серебряный век таруса официальный
    гостиница космос старый оскол цены за сутки клиника неврозов в воронеже арт авеню питер
    рябинушка грачевка официальный вилла арнест санаторий отели димитровграда

  24. дедеркой отель чайка гостиница атлант лазаревское официальный сайт
    сан сочи делина резорт адлер гостиница полет в красноярске апельсин на красных воротах
    лениногорский санаторий mira hotel гостиничный комплекс тропарево москва

  25. форос отзывы санаторий фсб ялта
    хостелы новороссийска гостиница алиот отель горки нижний новгород отзывы
    лучшие пансионаты подмосковья с бассейном бассейн союз гостиница флер углич

  26. Kızları tüylü amcık porno 📹 toplam video.

    ÜCRETSIZ PORNO VIDEOLARI EV Onu Kedi yerken kıllı amımı sik ⚇ Kullanıcı: homegrown ⇱ Boyutu: 720
    x 480 ↔ Kalite: 480P. ⚓ Kategori: lezbiyenler, amcık,
    sıcak sarışınlar, ıslak, ıslak ve sulu, Sıkı
    kız.

  27. отели в адлере 2021 отели в центре кисловодска
    ясные зори 2 отзывы эмфизема гостиница лососинская петрозаводск
    гостиница интурист в пятигорске официальный сайт кореиз мисхор гостиница партизан коломна

  28. Turkish feet worship: feet, türkish feet mistress, russian, muslim feet, nylon feet
    worship, nylon feet licking, soles handjob, muddy boots trampling @
    HQ Tube TV. HQ Tube TV Main page. Tube Mature TV; Tube
    Mom TV; XXX 69 Tube; XXX Tube GF; Cash Porn Tube.

  29. гостиницы судака партенит санаторий министерства обороны
    отель тихая бухта геленджик пятигорск санаторий родник цены на путевки номерной фонд военного санатория крым в партените
    сколько стоит путевка в пятигорск пансионат пицунда в пицунде официальный сайт абхазия сайт

  30. Free of charge grown-up dating sites is an excellent location to meet women. You can utilize websites like Usasexguid to discover a excellent women companion. You can also use totally free talk northbay private delight areas to fulfill potential companions. Websites like these let you satisfy individuals without needing to make known your e-mail address. Some of the websites even listing the ideal spots for sexual activity.

  31. The most common side effects seen in treatment of adjuvant breast cancer with HERCEPTIN HYLECTA were tiredness, joint pain, diarrhea, injection site reaction, upper respiratory tract infection, rash, muscle pain, nausea, headache, swelling, flushing, fever, cough, and pain in extremity buy nolvadex pct Some types of male hypogonadism can be treated with testosterone replacement therapy

  32. Dimanche : de 9h à 12h30 Habituellement Supermarchés Casino Marseille 4e est fermé le dimanche. Attention, au-magasin.fr est un site participatif où chacun peut indiquer les horaires, si vous constatez des erreurs, merci de nous les signaler. Supermarché, Épicerie, Épicerie bio Retrouvez également tous nos services dans tous vos Casino Supermarchés de France. Supermarché Casino Marseille Les Caillols (13) : magasin de 126 salarié·e·s, l’UNSA obtient 60,2% Ville, adresse, code postal… 219 bd de la Libération les 5 Avenues Marseille Une question sur un produit, une demande sur le magasin Casino supermarché Marseille Foch ? Nos téléconseillers sont à votre écoute… Adresse & Contact Casino, c’est aussi une stratégie d’innovation et de développement avec de nombreuses réalisations : la Marque Casino forte de plus de 4 000 références, l’excellence de la Supply Chain, les outils d’analyse des comportements clients et les programmes de fidélisation, le développement de stratégies immobilières performantes. https://www.vela.co.il/index.php/community/profile/mellissaharry15/ Du 11 au 25 septembre 2021, des enquêteurs de l’UFC-Que Choisir ont relevé les prix dans 1 006 magasins de métropole des huit principales enseignes de la grande distribution (Auchan, Carrefour, Casino, Cora, Colruyt, E.Leclerc, Intermarché et Système U). Comme l’an passé, E.Leclerc arrive en tête de ce classement avec un panier moyen à 348 euros contre 408 euros pour Casino, bon dernier. Le leader de la grande distribution est suivi d’Intermarché (356 euros), Colruyt (363 euros) et Système U (365 euros). Leclerc, Carrefour, Lidl… 8 conseils pour éviter les pièges au supermarché Intermarché, Leclerc, Auchan… Voici le supermarché le moins cher de France t.co u8gHLT7L1o Avec la crise sanitaire, le drive a vu sa popularité grimper auprès des consommateurs. Pour autant, “les prix restent équivalents entre le point de vente et le drive associé”, souligne l’UFC-Que Choisir. A une exception près: celle de l’enseigne Casino dont le drive est 9% moins cher (371 euros) qu’en magasin (408 euros), à panier de biens identique.

  33. My programmer is trying to persuade me to move to .net from PHP.
    I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses.
    But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using
    WordPress on numerous websites for about a year and am concerned about switching
    to another platform. I have heard excellent things about blogengine.net.
    Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress posts
    into it? Any kind of help would be really appreciated!

  34. Wow, awesome weblog structure! How long have you ever been running a blog for? you made blogging look easy. The full glance of your site is fantastic, as well as the content material!

  35. Unquestionably believe that that you said. Your favourite reason seemed to be at the net the easiest thing to understand of. I say to you, I definitely get annoyed even as people think about concerns that they just do not understand about. You managed to hit the nail upon the highest and defined out the whole thing without having side-effects , other people could take a signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thanks

  36. Многие мужчины убедились на личном опыте, что интим с умелой проституткой значительно лучше всего, что может вам дать рядовая женщина. Если вы заинтересованы в вызове проститутки, вам однозначно стоит зайти на следующий интернет-ресурс https://termomur.ru. Внутри есть многие десятки анкет, которые наполнены подлинной информацией о красотках из области интимного обслуживания!

  37. As you can read on this page it is expansive for online casinos when they accept €1 euro deposits. Each transaction cost the casino a fee. This fee is relatively high when a player makes a €1 deposit. Of course casinos prefer higher deposits. But the 1 Euro online casinos have chosen for this amount on purpose. On the internet there is a big group of new players. These players don’t want to deposit €20 or more. They first want to try a casino, see if the payments are working and if they are safe. With a €1 deposit you have a low risk of losing money to an unreliable casino. When you don’t like a casino or when you think a casino is not reliable you only risk losing €1. Play Slots Online For Real Money For Free – Glossary of casino game terms Економісти головного банку Європи значно переглянули СЃРІРѕС— РїСЂРѕРіРЅРѕР·Рё щодо зростання цін. Очікується С—С… зростання РІ середньому РЅР° 8,1% Сѓ 2022 році, РЅР° 5,5% Сѓ 2023 році та РЅР° 2,3% Сѓ 2024 році. https://angeloqhwl421976.dgbloggers.com/16890789/casino-22bet Once you’ve picked out the best online mobile casino for your device, you’re probably wondering what games you’ll be able to play. After all, we don’t choose to game online because we want fewer options than a land-based casino. Can a mobile platform offer all the same game options that a desktop does? The simple answer is yes. The slightly longer answer is usually, yes. Let’s dig into what you can expect when searching for your favourite games. Choosing a new casino app to start playing can be tough due to the large number of mobile casinos out there. There are, however, a few important points that help you identify a safe casino. First of all, you should make sure the casino of your choice is licensed. In most cases the licenses are displayed in the footer. Commissions like the Malta Gaming Authority or the UK Gambling Commission issue licenses to casinos and test their safety and reliability on a regular basis.

  38. К сожалению, не каждый мужчина может похвастаться ежедневным сексом. Если вы относитесь к их числу, и вы страдаете от недостатка тепла женских тел, непременно загляните на следующий портал https://serdcesayan.ru. Вас приятно удивит огромная подборка профилей, которые были размещены девушками из сферы интим услуг. Любая из показанных проституток с большой радостью украсит ваш досуг!

  39. Вы давно планировали подобрать онлайн-ресурс, на просторах которого размещается правдивая информация о проститутках? Вы испытываете тягу снять женщину для свидания, исходя из собственных финансов и вкусовых предпочтений? В таком случае, рекомендуем задействовать ссылку https://ecologsz.ru. На сайте каждого пользователя ждет перечень опытных проституток, а также универсальный поисковой инструмент для подбора партнерши вашей мечты!

  40. Casinomeister is carefully selected by our team of experts to provide you with a wide array of games and promotions. With over 50,000 casino games to choose from, a huge selection of high resolution images and videos, professional customer service, a 24-hour live chat system, and the best cashback bonuses around – you won’t find better than Casinomeister!

    Best Bitcoin Casino Review>

  41. Отдых со шлюхой – это лучшее лекарство от всех трудностей в личной жизни. Если вам нужно отдохнуть после работы, или вам не хватает женского внимания, настоятельно советуем посетить ресурс https://termomur.ru и выбрать достойную партнершу, опираясь на собственные вкусовые предпочтения. Вас ожидает удобная поисковая система, которая позволяет делать выбор по множеству доступных параметров.

  42. Если вы бы хотели устроить встречу со шлюхой, однако вы не знаете, где можно найти данные о лучших девушках из вашего города, обязательно загляните на этот ресурс https://celinedion.ru. Здесь собраны страницы самых развратных индивидуалок, способных воплотить любые ваши мечты. Найдите подходящую красотку и воспользуйтесь ее телефонным номером!

  43. Интим – важнейшая часть жизни для каждого представителя сильного пола. Если вы любите разнообразие в постели, и при этом ваши планы содержат личную встречу с обаятельной женщиной, станьте пользователем данного ресурса https://3stvola.ru. Команда модераторов хорошо потрудилась и основала масштабную коллекцию аккаунтов, которые относятся к лучшим шлюхам из вашего района. Перейдите к их осмотру без нудной регистрации и подберите милую спутницу!

  44. Знакомство с индивидуалкой – это мероприятие, которое способно существенно усовершенствовать ваш досуг. На территории портала https://huify.ru представлено множество анкет красавиц, у которых есть впечатляющие умения в сфере предоставления услуг интимного характера. А универсальная панель поиска, которая закреплена в интерфейс, может сэкономить ваше время при выборе оптимальной спутницы!

  45. ## 台湾麻将 台湾麻将规则_台湾麻将打法。麻将原称「麻雀」,民国初年由大陆传入台湾,慢慢地从广东的十三张玩法演变成台湾的 十六张玩法。台湾麻将在规则、布局 西安麻將可以說是相當有來頭的一種玩法,我們能否成為西安麻將當中的遊戲高手,並不僅僅只是說大家有足夠的運氣或者說和相應的膽量就可以了。 小編今天的這篇文章最主要… ▲ 广东麻将的和牌“十三幺”,由东风、南风、西风、北风、红中、发财、白板和筒子牌、条子牌、万字牌中的一(幺)、九组成、除用作麻将的是一对外,其他各种牌都只能是一张。〔台 想必每一個麻將玩家都希望自己有朝一日可以成為北京打麻將游戲當中的高手,但是真正的麻將高手在我們日常生活當中卻是屈指可數的,究竟是什麼樣的原因會造成這種現象呢… https://raymondevky976420.angelinsblog.com/15539602/線上-德州-撲克 腾讯关停德州扑克“涉赌”游戏进入寒冰期?-观察者网 – guancha.cn 線上德州撲克和港式5張的最大的不同在於是否可以免費看底牌。 19 jul. 2022 … 安装Zynga Poker – 德州扑克游戏在你的Windows PC或Mac笔记本电脑 桌面上,你将需要下载 …18 авг. 2021 г. … 【搜狐IT消息】8月18日消息,Zynga本周二 … 德州扑克的版本不多,因为德州扑克是许多不同版本的扑克之一。 德州扑克是一种非常流行的扑克版本。一年四季,不同的赌博公司会提供不同的交易,因此,最受欢迎的随时间变化。 随着国内越来越多的德州扑克锦标赛的举办,很多热爱德州扑克优秀的玩家们也都投身到现场锦标赛中去一试身手。但是,在高手如云的赛场上,要如何才能成功杀出重围,为 腾讯德州扑克锦标赛现场孟瑶参加女子比赛. 52APK游戏网 12-20 13:25 大. 没事斗个地主,打个麻将,陪老人下个象棋,陪家人打个围棋。相信是很多人平时的娱乐生活,和 PokerStars扑克之星、蒙特卡洛娱乐场®️EPT欧洲扑克巡回赛 – 2022年4月28日~5月7日. EPT最光彩夺目的分站赛事回归,同时带来的还有FPS。.

  46. Having read this I believed it was very enlightening.
    I appreciate you finding the time and energy to put
    this article together. I once again find myself personally spending a lot of time
    both reading and commenting. But so what, it
    was still worthwhile!

    My web page: tracfone 2022

  47. Welcome to Johnny Cash Casino! Register a new account and get ВЈ10 Free to play, no deposit required. Get all the info on what this casino has to offer by signing up as a new customer. Download the app and claim your bonus today.
    casino king login

  48. While physical exfoliators aren’t quite as popular as they once were, they are still beneficial for some skin types, although they’re not always recommended for those with sensitive skin. They work by physically (see, the clue’s in the name) buffing away dead skin cells using products formulated with tiny grains, like coffee grounds, or that use biodegradable microbeads, often made from something like cellulose. Other types of physical scrubs include nutshells and sugar, and be aware that fine grains and particles are always best – if they’re too big they can tear or damage the skin. For most people, an exfoliating facial cleanser can be used every day. Those with oily, resistant skin might choose to use it once per day, while those with dry skin might only opt for a few times a week to avoid drying the skin out further. https://marioskzo542089.blog-gold.com/18136270/maybelline-pen-eyeliner-review **SALE ALERT** The Rimmel Natural Bronzers (Sun Bronze is one of four shades) are on BOGO (buy one, get one for 50% off) right now at Ulta, so you could get a second one for just $2.50 more, which means two bronzers for $7.50! Three cheers for saving mad money, ma! Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Yes, I think the color would be great for the very fair ladies. It’s significantly lighter than Sun Light. Just wondering if it’s as shimmery as it appears in the pan, as it seems to be much more shimmery than the other colors. Mineral makeup is noncomedogenic (as long as it does not contain talc) and offers a mild amount of sun protection (because of the titanium dioxide and zinc oxide). When I finally found the shade I thought I was looking for, I peaked at the rack below and noticed they were the matte finish and not the shimmer finish I was holding (Sunshimmer ShimmeringMaxi Bronzer). I’m a natural girl and I like my makeup neutral. Adding shimmer on my face is the last thing I want. Guess which one I picked up?

  49. Caltex Australia, part owned by oil major Chevron, said that it no longerconsidered bitumen a core business cialis tablets for sale There is no point in any of us treating cancer patients to the best of our ability if we don t help them have a good quality of life afterward

  50. King Johnnie Casino is one of the biggest brands in the UK, and it provides casino enthusiasts with an extensive selection of over 1,000 games available. The players can play their favorite games like video slots, table games, video poker, blackjack and many more from this massive database.
    no deposit kings free spins

  51. All the casinos that offer zero-deposit free spins, no deposit bonus codes in the form of free chips, or any other kind of casino bonus that is essentially free money have tailored these promotions only for the new customers. The free no deposit casino bonus, as the term suggests, is available for free, literally; you do not have to make a deposit to avail this bonus. There are different types of no deposit bonuses, the common thread being the fact that it is available even before you deposit funds into your account. On this page we take a look at the no deposit bonuses available for South African players. 40 casino spins Best 7Bit Casino Bonus Code: SPINBONUS – use this deposit bonus code and secure a 177% deposit bonus with 77 free spins on the Platinum Lightning Deluxe. https://www.adamofficialthailand.com/community/profile/lisetteedwards3/ FortuneJack offers 25 free spins with no deposit. Only newly registered players at FortuneJack are eligible for the free spins. FortuneJack Casino operates on a browser-based software platform that requires no download. You just have to register to start playing. Fortunejack.com is brought to you by a highly talented team with twenty years experience in the gambling industry. We have an incredible portfolio of work, encompassing Eastern Europe’s leading casinos, including brick-and-mortar venues and online sites. Our sites are developed and maintained by the region’s top software professionals: this allows us to offer you today’s best, most secure, most innovative games, combined with a fun atmosphere for pros and newcomers alike. We’re proud of our defining core values: providing customers with a diverse gaming choice, unbeatable service, and provably fair gambling for all levels.

  52. Segundo a plataforma de observação de baleias WhaleStats, o investidor com grandes bolsos adquiriu US$ 4,2 milhões em Polygon (MATIC) e US$ 3 milhões em The Graph (GRT). Mas por que isso acontece? Normalmente, o desempenho do bitcoin, principal criptomoeda do mundo, dita a movimentação do mercado como um todo. Se o bitcoin cai, é possível que moedas como ethereum, dogecoin e binance coin também registrem perdas. E o contrário também acontece: se o bitcoin sobe, há grandes possibilidades de que as altcoins (moedas alternativas) também tenham ganhos. Na página do produto que deseja, Comprar, para ilustrar vou usar a KriptoSteel – Proteção em aço para os seus Bitcoins como exemplo. Outro ponto positivo do XRP é a velocidade das validações, que levam em torno de quatro segundos. Além disso, também é uma altcoin deflacionária, pois a sua emissão está limitada em 100 bilhões de unidades. https://abusetalk.co.uk/forum/profile/fredatruebridge/ O preço do Ethereum Classic está sem viés direcional à vista e essa tendência pode continuar, a menos que o… Para o especialista, a queda de preço do ETH pode ser temporária, destacando suas flutuações após a última grande atualização da rede Ethereum em agosto de 2021. The leader in the field of cryptocurrency miner hardware, so that every cryptocurrency enthusiast can realize their wishes. Pool de mineração mais lucrativo fácil de usar para placa de vídeo (GPU) e processador (CPU) Esta calculadora da moeda corrente é fornecida na esperança que será útil, mas SEM NENHUMA GARANTIA; sem uniforme a garantia implicada do MERCHANTABILITY ou da APTIDÃO PARA Uma FINALIDADE PARTICULAR. Ethereum Cryptocurrency Este teste foi efetuado diariamente, durante 2 semanas nas quais deixámos o computador a minerar por algumas horas e, de vez em quando, até por períodos de 12 horas consecutivas. O resultado: 0,05928842 Zcoin, 0,01947315 Zcash, 0,00111372 Ethereum e 2,96761658 TrezarCoin. Somando, conseguimos 5€ de lucro teórico.

  53. В рейтинге самых лучших тушей для ресниц 2019-2020 года присутствует французское средство Cabaret Premiere от бренда Vivienne Sabo. Все прелести бюджетной косметики производителя давно оценили представительницы прекрасного пола. Тушь «Кабаре премьер» придает ресничкам колоссальный объем. Ее преимущество состоит в том, что она представлена в разных оттенках, среди которых есть фиолетовый, коричневый и т. д. Микрополимеры при контакте с воздухом застывают на ресницах и остаются на них до тех пор, пока вы не захотите снять макияж. За счет этих компонентов не получится просто смыть тушь водой – нужно использовать специальные средства, содержащие масла, например, двухфазную жидкость. Используйте их, чтобы даже самым невыразительным ресницам придать насыщенный цвет, длину и изгиб. Топ-8 самых лучших тушей по мнению редакции портала https://freefirsttest.com/home/community/profile/tonyamcgeorge5/ Вы можете написать нам письмо позвонить нам по телефонам Наша система скидок чрезвычайно простая, при этом эффективная*: Средство данное рекомендую! Мои ресницы уверенно растут и густеют, первый флакончик закончила, приступила ко второму (по акции получилось 1+1). Некоторые уже упоминали, что и цвет ресниц тоже меняется, они становятся темнее и гуще. Я считаю, что цена за такое удовольствие очень гуманная, наращивать вреднее и дороже! Для сохранения полученного результата и профилактики ухудшения здоровья необходимо 2-3 раза в неделю повторять обработку. В случае полного прекращения использования Feg Eyelash ресницы вернуть к исходному состоянию. Они не станут выпадать или ломаться, но активный рост и увеличение густоты прекратится. г. Санкт-Петербург, ул. Автовская д.17 оф. №1 – Главный вход Саме головне і очевидне перевага натурального стимулятора росту – це природність результату

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Up Next:

How Changing One Word in Cartographer's Rulebook Could Drastically Improve It

How Changing One Word in Cartographer's Rulebook Could Drastically Improve It